Botox® has been used as form of Cosmetic Treatment since the 1980's. It is a popular and a growing treatment used in the cosmetic industry due to it's remarkable results together with very few risks and no recovery time. It is the world's most popular non- surgical treatment used to treat millions of patients worldwide.
Botox® is a purified protein produced by Clostridium Botulinum. When injected, it relaxes the contracted muscles that form the lines and wrinkles, allowing the skin to look smoother and younger.
This long lasting muscle relaxant works only on specific muscles injected leaving the surrounding muscles to function as usual. The normal facial expressions are maintained with dramatically less lines and wrinkles.
Horizontal Forehead Lines
These lines may result from normal animation whilst talking, a surprise and a look of puzzlement or from holding the brows up during times of stress. One major muscle (Frontalis) is responsible for these actions and when overused, unsightly forehead lines can be created.
A few small injections are placed here to relax the muscle and dramatically reduce the lines whilst enabling normal facial expressions.
This area is mainly used when thinking, squinting, scowling, reading and worrying. The continuous use of these muscles can cause skin to lose volume and become marked, resulting in vertical frown lines, sometimes even when the muscles are at rest. Injecting this area with muscle relaxant will soften these lines, to give a naturally fresher appearance.
Lines around the eyes can make a person appear older than they actually are and therefore seen as a sign of aging. At the very least they can even make a person look tired or unhappy even if they are not.
In young children crow feet can be seen when they are smiling, but disappear when they stop smiling. This is because their skin is elastic enough to recover to it's natural position. Once the loss of elasticity in the skin has occurred, crows feet can be seen at rest. These lines and wrinkles respond well to the muscle relaxant injection resulting in the elasticity of the skin appearing improved.
There are muscles that lift a portion of the face and opposing muscles that pull it down. Injecting muscle relaxant into muscles that pull the forehead and the brows down, the muscle that lifts the brow effectively "wins". Resulting in the eyebrow being elevated creating a "brow lift" and a more youthful appearance without any surgery.
The Botox® Timeline
1817: A protein produced by the anaerobic bacterium Clostridium Botulinum, Botox® is first investigated.
1887: The first anti-serum for botulism is found.
1910: The second anti-serum for botulism is found.
1920: Work to isolate botulinium toxin begins.
1946: The first researcher isolates botulinium toxin
1978: FDA (Food and Drug Administration) give approval for pilot studies in humans.
1987: First used for the use of blepharospasm (abnormal tic or twitch of the eye), the practitioner observes a significant improvement in the patient's crows feet.
1989: Botox® claimed as a trademark by Allergen Inc. FDA (Food and Drug Administration) give approval for use in certain medical conditions.
1991: Reports show positive effects in the treatment of crows feet and wrinkles.
2002: FDA (Food and Drug Administration) give approval for Botox® to be used cosmetically in the USA.
2006: FDA (Food and Drug Administration) give approval for Botox® to be used cosmetically in the UK.
The cost of Botox®
Prices start from £100 per facial area.